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Middle Aged Woman in White Blouse


Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has a wide variety of signs and symptoms, including mood swings, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue, irritability and depression. It's estimated that as many as 3 of every 4 menstruating women have experienced some form of premenstrual syndrome.

Symptoms are numerous and most women only experience a few of these problems.

Emotional and behavioral signs and symptoms
Tension or anxiety
Depressed mood
Crying spells
Mood swings and irritability or anger
Appetite changes and food cravings
Trouble falling asleep (insomnia)
Social withdrawal
Poor concentration
Change in libido
Physical signs and symptoms
Joint or muscle pain
Weight gain related to fluid retention
Abdominal bloating
Breast tenderness
Acne flare-ups
Constipation or diarrhea
Alcohol intolerance

Symptoms generally disappear within four days after the start of the menstrual period for most women.

But a small number of women with premenstrual syndrome have disabling symptoms every month. This form of PMS is called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

PMDD signs and symptoms include acute depression, acute mood swings, anger, deep anxiety, feeling overwhelmed, difficulty concentrating, irritability and tension.

Up to 75% of women who have their periods may have mild PMS, but PMDD is much less common. It affects only between 3% and 8% of women.

Studies show that a high calcium diet 1,200 milligrams a day (RDA for women 19-50 is 1000 mg) and at 700 IU of vitamin D will significantly help with PMS symptomsMany calcium supplements also contain vitamin D.

Basic Dietary Guidelines for PMS

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Plant-based foods that have isoflavones (plant estrogens) work in the body like a weak form of estrogen. For this reason, soy may help relieve menopause symptoms, although research results are unclear. Some may help lower cholesterol levels and have been suggested to relieve hot flashes and night sweats. Isoflavones can be found in foods such as tofu and soy milk.

Calcium. If you think you need to take a supplement to get enough calcium, check with your doctor first. 
Vitamin D. Your body uses vitamin D to absorb calcium. People ages 51 to 70 should get 600 IU each day. Those over 70 should get 800 IU daily. More than 4,000 IU of vitamin D each day is not recommended, because it may harm the kidneys and weaken bones.


That’s according to a new study from France published in Current Developments in Nutrition.
The study examined food intake in 65,574 postmenopausal women. Information on diet and health status was collected between 1993 and 2014.
The researchers found that having a healthy plant-based diet was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer while an unhealthy plant-based diet was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.

Eat a well-rounded diet rich calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D. Increase your consumption of fruits, greens, colorful vegetables, and dairy products—such as yogurt, cheese, and milk. The decline in estrogen as women go through menopause obviously increases their risk for certain things like osteoporosis, so getting foods rich in calcium is very important,

Consume omega-3 fatty acids. Research shows that omega-3s can decrease the frequency of hot flashes and the intensity of night sweats. “There are times when you can supplement omega-3s, but we really encourage you to get their omega-3s first through food, which includes fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna and vegetarian sources like flax seeds and chia seeds.

Add foods containing plant estrogens, or phytoestrogens. Broccoli, cauliflower, dark berries, chickpeas, and soybeans can help mimic estrogen and reduce some menopausal symptoms. 

The following foods can help strengthen bones and relieve menopause symptoms:

Dark green leafy vegetables, especially spinach and kale
Fish like salmon, mackerel, and tuna
Flax and chia seeds
Broccoli and cauliflower
Blueberries and other dark berries
Dark fruits like plums
Black tea
Chickpeas and other legumes
Soybeans or foods like tofu, tempeh, and soy milk 

4 types of foods that can make menopause worse 
Diet can impact a woman’s menopause symptoms in both a positive and negative way

Processed foods:
“The rule of thumb is to eat as close to the natural state as possible. “If it comes in a bag or plastic wrapper, try to avoid those kinds of foods because most likely those are very processed foods.”
Refined carbohydrates: For instance, white rice, pasta, and potatoes, are linked to spikes in blood sugar and an increase in insulin resistance—and hot flashes. Instead, opt for whole grains such as brown rice. Cut back on sugary foods like cookies, cakes, and candy.
Alcohol: It can exacerbate menopausal symptoms. “If you’re drinking more than one alcoholic beverage a day—more than five ounces of wine or 12 ounces of beer—that can not only make hot flashes worse but make you prone to the mood swings and irritability that can happen with menopause
Spicy foods: They aren’t necessarily bad for you, but they can bring on hot flashes for some, so women may try cutting back on spicy foods if they notice worsening symptoms after eating them.

Saffron has shown fantastic results anti cancerogenic effect during several clinical trials

Ovarian Cancer , proliferation of MDA-MB231 cancer cells similarly to trans-crocin-4 , Gastrointestinal Cancer and breast cancer have been investigated and  Studies have shown that crocin can induce apoptotic cell death in several cancer cells.

Depression : In Several Clinical trials , saffron extract appears to reduce depressive mood in healthy individuals experiencing subclinical mood disturbance and adds to the growing literature showing consistent benefits of saffron on depression outcomes across both clinical and non-clinical populations. 

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